Zakatul Fitr, Fidya & Kafaarah
Zakat al-Fitr (Fitrana) is a charity given to the poor at the end of the fasting month of Ramadan and is very time sensitive. Fidya and Kafaarah are acts of monetary compensations paid to the poor for very different situations. Read more about each below.
Zakat al-Fitr ensures that the poor are also able to celebrate Eid al-Fitr and mark the ending of Ramadan. It also plays an important role in bringing together the poorer and wealthier people in society. This interaction and charity strengthens the bonds of the Muslim community and trains everyone to be generous to those in need.
Zakat al-Fitr is only obligatory from sunset on the last day of fasting until the start of the Eid prayer shortly after sunrise the following day. It can be paid prior to the start of Eid, as the Sahahbah (companions of the Prophet) did, but if one misses the time period without a good reason then he is unable to make it up. The time period is to ensure that it can be distributed in time for Eid, so they so they can celebrate the festival too.
African Development Trust accepts your Fitrana payments, but we do ask that you donate it in advance of Eid, so we can use it for feeding people. We ensure that it is only given to those eligible, according to the 8 categories of Zakat, and given according to Sharia guidelines. Donate your Fitrana.
Fidya is for people who have a valid reason for not fasting and are not able to make up the missed fasts before the next Ramadan. For example, serious illness or old age. It involves paying to provide a person’s daily sustenance, for every fast they have missed, and it is generally around £4.
African Development Trust accepts both Fidya and Kafarah payments, but it is important that you select the correct donation option to ensure it is used correctly.
Kafaarah is payable for people who have missed or broken a fast during Ramadan without a valid reason. On these occasions one is obligated to make up the missed fasts and either fast for 60 days, or pay to have 60 people fed (which is approximately £240). Regardless of how many fasts are missed in a Ramadan there is only one Kafaarah payable per Ramadan.
African Development Trust accepts both Fidya and Kafaarah payments but it is important that you select the correct donation option to ensure it is used correctly.