Somalia is experiencing one of the worst droughts in recent years. The drought is expanding affecting all the regions in the country. According to UN OCHA 6.2 million or more than half of the population in the country is in need of humanitarian assistance between February and June 2017.


The drought is induced by two consecutive seasons of poor rainfall. In the worst affected areas, poor rainfall and lack of water has wiped out crops and killed livestock, while communities are being forced to sell their assets, and borrow food and money to survive. The drought situation is compounded by protracted conflict which is causing displacements, seasonal climatic shocks and disease outbreaks.


The situation for children is especially grave. Some 1.4 million acutely malnourished children are in need of urgent nutrition support, including life-saving treatment for more than 363,000 severely malnourished children (FEWSNET and FSNAU).


Widespread water shortages in the drought-affected areas have created Acute Watery Diarhoea (AWD)/Cholera outbreak 12 regions out of 18 regions in the country with 558 deaths and 28,408 cases. Water trucking and rehabilitation of wells and boreholes are thus top priorities.


To make things worse, the forecast for rainfall in 2017 is so low that experts believe it will create a crisis classified by the UN as “IPC Phase 5”;

IPC PHASE 5: – “A situation where a human catastrophe is now unavoidable despite any amount of aid. Famine and drought will occur on a massive scale and a large percentage of the population will die from starvation and lack of water with many more left destitute. The entire region will be placed into a crisis from which it will take years to recover”…….. In other words, we will be too late.


  • 2 million need emergency assistance. 2.9m in IPC Phase 3 and 4
  • 680,000 Internally displaced due to drought since November 2016
  • 5,689 Reported cases of measles in 2017 as of 30 April
  • 4 m Children projected to need treatment for acute malnutrition in 2017.
  • 9% AWD/cholera case fatality rate as of 30 April (697 deaths to 36,066 cases)


Africa Development Trust and is urgently appealing to anyone able to assist to respond quickly with aid and support of any kind before it is too late.